Enemas for constipation are common procedures used by many physicians and other medical practitioners all over the world. An enema is defined as a process of introducing liquid, usually in the form of mineral oil, into the rectum via the urethra. Another process, enema itself, involves introducing liquid into the rectum either via the rectum or via another method. The enema is said to have been first used in medieval times as a means of cleaning the rectum. It is believed that the first enema for constipation was created around the 12th century, although exact details are not available.
One of the most common ways in which enemas for constipation are used is by inserting a small nozzle attached to a long tube into the rectum. This tube is connected directly to the sphincter, a muscle found at the top of the anus that contracts in order to allow stool to pass through. The enema nozzle is placed directly into this sphincter and remains there for approximately fifteen minutes. However, it is common for the duration of this time to be much longer, up to forty-five minutes.
While it is possible to purchase commercially prepared enemas, one can make his own at home. There are several steps involved in making these remedies. First of all, it is important to prepare the solution that will be injected into the rectum. This consists of a combination of water and sodium phosphate. Sodium phosphate is the compound used that is found in the typical laxative preparations.
After preparing this solution, the enema user must then prepare the instrument by getting rid of any excess materials and sharp objects from the rectum. Next, he or she must puncture the anus in a way that no enema liquid leaks from the injection site. Next, the doctor administer the enema by inserting the nozzle in the anus and injecting a clear fluid that acts as a lubricant allowing for easy movement and manipulation of the enema bag.
Usually, the enema is not used for more than a day at a time. It is common for the enema bag to become very full after only a few uses, so it is recommended that the patient refills the bottle with a bit of water and sodium phosphate. Each person’s body will respond differently when administered the first time. However, most people find that the enema works well for constipation and often results in improved bowel movements.
To administer the enema, the doctor will first wet the rectal area before inserting the nozzle. Then, he or she will apply warm, sterilized gauze to cover the enema site as the needle is inserted and moved into the rectum. The enema needle is not much bigger than the diameter of a pea with a stainless steel tip. Once inserted, the physician drains the contents through small openings in the bag. For some individuals, this process requires only a finger tip. For others, it requires the use of a Q-tip.
The process of enema for constipation does not cause an excessive amount of pressure on the bowel or large intestine, because the water is meant to be absorbed by the body. The process, rather, is designed to move waste material out of the body. When the process is complete, the enema bag may produce a slightly smelly fluid because excess amounts of sodium butyrate are released during the procedure. However, this smell is minimal and not considered a hindrance to proper bowel movement.
Enema for constipation is best performed by a trained healthcare provider who has been taught how to insert and manipulate the nozzle. The nozzle must be placed at the base of the rectum. It is important for the healthcare provider to avoid inserting the nozzle too far into the rectum. If the nozzle enters the colon too far, there is a risk of infection and the person could develop serious complications.